Birth Injury

The birth of a child can be the greatest gift. However, what was supposed to be a joyous experience can quickly become a tragic event when the newborn or mother suffers a birth injury. Such injuries can be lifelong and cause physical, emotional, and financial trauma for the child and the entire family.

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Birth Injury

Birth Injury Attorney in Tulsa, Oklahoma

The birth of a child can be the greatest gift. However, what was supposed to be a joyous experience can quickly become a tragic event when the newborn or mother suffers a birth injury. Such injuries can be lifelong and cause physical, emotional, and financial trauma for the child and the entire family.  

At the Law Offices of Jeff Martin, we understand that birth injuries can be a life-changing event. Our birth injuries attorneys in Tulsa, Oklahoma, can provide you with the legal help you need to help you fight for justice and compensation. We serve clients throughout Eastern Oklahoma, including McAlester, Muskogee, and Bartlesville. 

Common Causes of Birth Injuries  

Birth injuries can occur for a wide range of reasons. That’s why a thorough investigation performed by an experienced personal injury attorney is crucial to determine what exactly caused your child’s condition. Possible and common causes are:   

Failing to Catch an Infection 

This cause can be attributed to medical negligence on the part of medical professionals who fail to diagnose and treat maternal infections during pregnancy. An untreated infection can harm the baby’s organs or cause premature birth. 

Errors While Performing a Procedure/Surgery 

Improper use of tools during delivery can cause brain damage, cerebral palsy, or even death. If the attending doctor makes a mistake while performing a procedure/surgery or does not complete one in time, it can cause serious harm to the infant. 

Improper Administration of Drugs 

Pain relief medication administered to the mother during labor can impact the baby’s central nervous system, cause breathing problems, or even lead to a stillbirth. 

Improper or Negligent Use of Tools  

Birth injuries can be caused when delivery tools like forceps or vacuum extractors are not used correctly. The improper application of these tools can lead to nerve damage, fractures, and hemorrhages in the newborn. 

Failing to Diagnose an Issue With the Infant 

In some instances, doctors fail to diagnose and treat issues with the infant immediately after birth. This can lead to severe complications that cause long-term medical problems and disabilities. 

Not Performing a C-section When Needed 

In some cases, a C-section is the only solution to ensure safe delivery. Doctors who fail to perform a C-section when they should be putting the lives of the child and mother at risk. This can lead to birth injuries like cerebral palsy, physical disability, and organ damage. 

Common Types of Birth Injuries  

During birth injury cases, our attorneys work with medical professionals to investigate the case and identify any medical errors that occurred. We also have connections with expert witnesses who can provide testimony regarding medical standards and practices, which can help prove that medical negligence occurred in the first place. 

Some of the most common types of birth injuries include (but are not limited to):  

  • Cerebral Palsy. This is a neurological disorder that affects a child’s movement as well as muscle coordination. It is caused by damage to the brain before, during, or after birth. Children with cerebral palsy may have difficulty with basic motor skills such as crawling, walking, and sitting up. This condition can vary in severity, from mild to severe, and can have a significant impact on a child’s development. 
  • Lack of oxygen. During delivery, if a baby is deprived of oxygen for a prolonged period, it could lead to a condition known as hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. This can cause brain damage and lead to cognitive issues, speech impairments, and developmental delays. 
  • Organ damage. Injuries to internal organs during birth can lead to a range of complications. The liver, spleen, and kidneys are particularly vulnerable to damage during difficult deliveries. Organ damage can lead to long-term health problems and may require surgery or other medical interventions. 
  • Cognitive issues. Traumatic birth events such as oxygen deprivation or head trauma during delivery can cause serious cognitive issues. These can range from attention and memory deficits to learning disabilities and developmental delays. Children with cognitive impairments may require ongoing, specialized care such as speech or occupational therapy for many years. 
  • Broken bones. Fractures most commonly occur in the collarbone, arms, or leg bones of newborns during difficult deliveries. These can occur due to improper use of forceps or other delivery tools. Generally, these types of injuries heal on their own, but in some cases, surgical intervention may be required. 
  • Erb’s Palsy. This condition results from damage to the brachial plexus nerves that control movement in the arms and hands. It can occur when excessive force is used during delivery or when the baby’s shoulder becomes stuck. Children with Erb's Palsy may have difficulty with fine motor skills and may require physical therapy. 
  • Brain injuries. Trauma to the brain can occur during delivery such as when the baby’s head is compressed or twisted. Brain injuries can lead to a range of issues, including cognitive impairment or developmental delays. 
  • Neurological injuries. This category of injuries includes a wide range of conditions such as spina bifida, seizures, or hypospadias. These conditions can be caused by genetic factors or exposure to environmental toxins during pregnancy. Treatment options vary and may require a team of specialists to provide ongoing essential care. 

Proving Negligence & Recovering Damages 

If you suspect your child’s injury was due to medical malpractice during childbirth, a birth injury attorney can help you achieve one of the most important elements of your injury claim: proving negligence. To prove medical negligence, you must provide evidence that the medical professionals failed to provide an acceptable level of care. Evidence can include hospital records, expert opinions, and witness testimony—among other things. 

And, if your child sustained a birth injury due to medical malpractice, you may be entitled to compensation. Compensation can help cover medical bills, future medical expenses, loss of earning capacity, and various other damages your family has suffered due to the birth injury.  

The available damages and the amount of compensation depends on the severity of the injury and the circumstances surrounding your case. 

Contact Us ASAP - Our dedicated team of experienced birth injury attorneys are here to help you recieve the maximum compensation that you deserve. With a deep understanding of Oklahoma's laws and a commitment to advocating for our clients, we will fight tirelessly to protect your rights and secure the best possible outcome for your case. Don't delay, and let us help you reclaim your peace of mind.


What Constitutes A Birth Injury In A Legal Context?

In Oklahoma, a birth injury is defined as any harm or physical damage that occurs to a newborn during the labor and delivery process. This can include injuries sustained before, during, or after childbirth. It can also refer to any long-term effects of such injuries.

What Types of Injuries are Considered Birth Injuries?

Birth injuries can range from minor bruises and cuts to more serious injuries such as nerve damage, brain injuries, and fractures. Injuries can also occur to the mother during childbirth, which may also be considered a birth injury.

Who is Responsible for Birth Injuries?

In legal terms, healthcare professionals who are involved in the labor and delivery process have a duty of care toward both the mother and child. This means they are responsible for ensuring that the delivery is carried out in a safe and competent manner. If it can be proven that their actions or lack thereof directly caused the birth injury, they may be held liable.

What is the Time Limit to File a Birth Injury Lawsuit in Oklahoma?

In Oklahoma, there is a statute of limitations for filing personal injury lawsuits, including birth injury cases. Generally, the time limit to file a birth injury lawsuit in Oklahoma is two years from the date of the injury. This window may be extended if it can be proven that the birth injury was not immediately apparent or that it was caused by medical malpractice.

What Can I Expect If I Decide to Pursue a Birth Injury Lawsuit?

If you decide to pursue a birth injury lawsuit in Oklahoma, you can expect to go through the legal process of gathering evidence, filing a complaint, and potentially going to trial. It is important to have an experienced personal injury attorney on your side, as they can help guide you through this process and ensure that your rights are protected.

Can I Receive Compensation for a Birth Injury?

If it can be proven that the birth injury was caused by medical malpractice or negligence, you may be entitled to receive compensation for damages. This can include medical expenses, ongoing care and treatment costs, pain and suffering, loss of future earnings, and other related expenses.


How Do I Know If My Child's Birth Injury Was Due To Medical Negligence?

Determining whether your child's birth injury was caused by medical negligence can be a complex process and may require the assistance of a personal injury attorney.

Some signs that may indicate medical negligence include:

  1. Failure to properly monitor the mother and child during labor and delivery
  1. Failure to respond to complications or emergencies in a timely manner
  1. Improper use of delivery instruments such as forceps or vacuum extractors
  1. Failure to perform a necessary c-section in a timely manner
  1. Administering incorrect medications or doses during labor and delivery
  1. Inadequate training or experience of healthcare professionals involved in the delivery process

If you suspect that medical negligence may have played a role in your child's birth injury, it is important to seek legal advice as soon as possible. An experienced personal injury attorney can evaluate your case and help determine the best course of action for seeking justice and compensation for your child's injuries.

It is crucial to gather all the necessary medical records and documentation related to the labor and delivery process as well as any subsequent treatment and care for your child's birth injury.


Who Can Be Held Liable For A Birth Injury?

In Oklahoma, there are several parties who may potentially be held liable for a birth injury. These include:

  1. Obstetricians and Gynecologists: The primary healthcare provider responsible for managing the mother's pregnancy and overseeing the labor and delivery process.
  1. Nurses and Midwives: These healthcare professionals play a crucial role in monitoring the mother and child during labor and delivery, as well as providing necessary care and assistance.
  1. Anesthesiologists: If the mother requires anesthesia during labor and delivery, an anesthesiologist may be held liable for any injuries or complications that occur.
  1. Hospitals and Medical Facilities: In some cases, the hospital or medical facility where the birth took place may be held liable for a birth injury if it can be proven that their policies, equipment, or staff contributed to the injury.
  1. Pharmaceutical Companies: If a birth injury is caused by a defective medication given during labor and delivery, the pharmaceutical company may be held liable for damages.

It is important to note that determining liability in a birth injury case can be complex and may require extensive investigation and evidence-gathering. An experienced personal injury attorney can help identify all potentially liable parties and build a strong case for compensation.


What Types Of Compensation Are Available In Birth Injury Cases?

If a birth injury is caused by medical malpractice or negligence, the injured party may be entitled to various types of compensation. These can include:

  1. Medical Expenses: Compensation for past, current, and future medical expenses related to the birth injury.
  1. Rehabilitation and Therapy Costs: If the child requires ongoing therapy or rehabilitation due to their injuries, these costs may also be covered.
  1. Pain and Suffering: Compensation for the physical and emotional pain caused by the birth injury.
  1. Loss of Future Earnings: If the child's injuries affect their ability to earn a living in the future, they may be entitled to compensation for this loss.
  1. Other Related Expenses: This can include costs for modifying a home or vehicle to accommodate the child's injury, as well as other related expenses.

In some cases, punitive damages may also be awarded if it can be proven that the liable party acted recklessly or intentionally causing harm.

It is important to note that compensation amounts vary on a case-by-case basis and can depend on factors such as the severity of the birth injury and its long-term impact on the child and their family. An experienced personal injury attorney can help evaluate your case and determine an appropriate amount of compensation to seek.


How Long Do I Have To File A Birth Injury Lawsuit In Oklahoma?

In Oklahoma, the statute of limitations for filing a birth injury lawsuit is two years from the date of the injury. This means that you must file your lawsuit within this time frame to have a valid claim. However, there are certain factors that can affect this timeline and potentially extend it.

For instance, if the birth injury was not immediately apparent or was discovered later, the statute of limitations may be extended. Additionally, if the injured party is a minor, the two-year timeframe may not begin until they reach the age of 18.

It is important to seek legal advice as soon as possible after discovering a birth injury to determine how these factors may affect your case and ensure that you do not miss any important deadlines. An experienced personal injury attorney can guide you through the legal process and help ensure that your rights are protected.


What Is The Difference Between A Birth Injury And A Birth Defect?

While birth injuries and birth defects may seem similar, there are some key differences between the two under Oklahoma personal injury law.


A birth injury is defined as any physical or psychological harm that occurs to a baby during the labor and delivery process, usually due to negligence or medical malpractice. On the other hand, a birth defect refers to any physical or developmental abnormality that is present at birth and is not caused by external factors during the labor and delivery process. Birth defects are usually the result of genetic or environmental factors.


As mentioned, birth injuries are typically caused by medical malpractice or negligence during labor and delivery. This can include errors made by healthcare professionals or failure to provide necessary care in a timely manner.

Birth defects, on the other hand, are often caused by genetic factors or exposure to harmful substances during pregnancy.

Timeframe of Occurrence:

Birth injuries occur during labor and delivery, while birth defects are present at birth. This means that birth injuries are typically preventable with proper medical care, whereas birth defects cannot be prevented.

Legal Considerations:

In terms of legal considerations, birth injuries fall under personal injury law and can be pursued through a medical malpractice lawsuit. On the other hand, birth defects do not necessarily fall under personal injury law but may still be subject to product liability laws if they were caused by exposure to a harmful substance during pregnancy.


Can I File A Lawsuit For Emotional Distress Due To A Birth Injury?

Yes, it is possible to file a lawsuit for emotional distress suffered because of a birth injury in the state of Oklahoma. Emotional distress refers to any psychological or emotional harm that has been caused by someone else's actions or negligence. In the case of a birth injury, this can include feelings of anxiety, depression, trauma, and other mental health issues caused by the injury and its impact on the family.

To successfully file a lawsuit for emotional distress, you must be able to prove that the liable party's actions or negligence directly caused your emotional distress. This can be a complex process, but an experienced personal injury attorney can help you gather evidence and build a strong case.


Are There Special Considerations For Birth Injury Cases Involving Twins Or Multiple Births?

In the state of Oklahoma, birth injury cases involving twins or multiple births are treated similarly to other birth injury cases. However, there may be some additional considerations that need to be considered when pursuing compensation for these types of cases.

For instance, in cases where one twin is injured during delivery, but the other is unharmed, it may be necessary to pursue separate lawsuits for each twin to ensure that both receive proper compensation. Additionally, if the twins have different medical needs and require different types of care, this may also affect the amount of compensation sought.

It is important to consult with an experienced personal injury attorney who has experience handling birth injury cases involving twins or multiple births. They can help guide you through the legal process and ensure that all relevant factors are considered when seeking compensation for your child's injury.


What Role Do Medical Experts Play In Birth Injury Cases?

Medical experts play a critical role in birth injury cases in the state of Oklahoma. These experts have knowledge and experience in the field of obstetrics and can provide valuable insight into the standard of care that should have been provided during labor and delivery.

In a birth injury case, medical experts may be called upon to review medical records, assess the extent of the injury, and testify in court about the cause and severity of the injury. They can also provide an expert opinion on whether medical malpractice or negligence occurred.

Medical experts are essential in helping to build a strong case for a birth injury lawsuit and can greatly impact the outcome of the case. It is important to work with an experienced personal injury attorney who has access to credible and reputable medical experts to ensure that your case is properly supported and presented in court.

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